Dental Cavities / Tooth Decay Explained by Kingston Dentist

Teeth cavities are caused by tooth decay. Tooth decay can affect the outer tooth surface (enamel), he middle section (dentine) and the centre of the tooth, the pulp.  The more layers are involved the more sever the damage is.

Natural bacteria that lives inside the mouth forms the plague that interacts with debris from food and starchy and sugary food and turn them to acid. The acid dissolve the enamel over time and cause cavities. If the cavities are not addressed early on they develop and involve more layers of the tooth which can lead to sever tooth decay, infection and tooth loss in long.

Other contributing factors to tooth decay:

-Frequent snacking and sipping sugary drinks
-Not maintaining daily oral hygiene, brushing and flossing
-Not seeing dentist regular
-Not having enough fluoride, which makes the tooth resistant towards the acid produced by plaques

-Not having enough saliva in your mouth. Saliva cleans away the food and sugar. A dry -mouth can a result of taking medicine or breathing through the mouth.

Who is at risk of having dental cavities?

Any one can get dental cavities at any age. Older adults tend to have dental cavities around the edge of their fillings, and senior people develop cavities due to lack of fluoride in their when they were kids.

Prevention and Cure

Dentist can find cavities during routine dental check ups with the use of x-rays and manual testing methods.

If diagnosed with tooth decays dentist can remove them and fill the cavity with filling material and nowadays tend to be white fillings such as composite resin or porcelain that match the colour of the tooth.

If the tooth is badly damages so that not much of the tooth remains dental crowns are used instead of fillings. Crowns are made of  porcelain, porcelain fused to metal and gold.

If the root, the most inner part of the tooth is damaged the root canal treatment is needed. That means that the nerve of the tooth will be removed, blood vessels and tissue as well as the decayed part of the tooth. She or he will fill in the root with some materials. The tooth that is root candled need a crown.

If you have not had dental check-ups recently or suspect you might have dental decays contact our helpful team at Surbiton Smile Centre and ask for a check up appointment with Dr Soltani. We strongly believe in prevention rather than cure.

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