Diabetes and Gum Disease

Most people are aware that diabetes harm their eyes, nervous system, kidney and heart, but they are less aware that it can also cause problem in their mouth. People with diabetes are at risk of gum disease, and infection that harms the gum and the bone that holds the tooth in place. Gum disease (periodontal disease ) at its server stage cause problem with chewing and eventually cause tooth loss.

Blood vessels thickening is a complication of diabetes which is known to increase gum disease risk. The blood vessels deliver nutritions to body tissues and remove waste products. Diabetes thicken the blood cells, and disturb the blood flow and removal of wastes. This can weaken the resistance of gum and bone tissue to infection.

Many bacterias live on sugar and when diabetes is not controlled the high level of sugar in mouth fluids help the accumulation and growth of the germs which can again lead to gum disease.

Research has shown that smoking increase the risk of diabetes; smokers are five times more likely to develop gum disease than non-smokers. The risk becomes greater when smokers have diabetes. A smoker person with diabetes, aged 45 and above 20 times more likely to develop gum disease than a person without these risk factors.

The key in preventing gum problems within diabetics is to control the blood sugar. Regular dental checkups, daily brushing and flossing, and controlled blood sugar prevents diabetic complications.

To avoid developing complications of diabetes see your dentist as soon as you can and plan a regular maintenance program. If you need the opinion of our dentists contact us on 020 8339 933 or email us at smile@surbitonsmile.co.uk

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