What is gingivitis?

To understand gingivitis, it is important to have an idea of the anatomy of the tooth and its supporting structure.

When a tooth is clean, the gums around it are usually pink and healthy.
01-When a tooth is clean, the gums around it are usually pink and healthy
If the tooth is not properly cleaned, plaque forms and accumulates on its surface. Plaque is a sticky layer of bacteria (very small germs) that grows on any tooth surface, even between the teeth.
02-If the tooth is not properly cleaned, plaque forms and accumulates on its surface
Plaque causes irritation of the gums. The gums usually become red and slightly swollen. This condition is called gingivitis.
03-Plaque causes irritation of the gums
When gingivitis is present:

  1. Pocket depth may increase due to swelling
  2. The gums may bleed more easily when touched
  3. The bone level does not change around the tooth

Almost all advanced periodontal diseases start with gingivitis.

04-When gingivitis is present

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