White Spots

Healthy teeth are at the core of a fantastic smile, but unusually discoloured areas of enamel can prevent a beautiful smile from truly shining through. Although there are numerous causes, white blotches on your teeth can make you self-conscious when opening your mouth. It’s worth learning how to get rid of white spots on teeth and to choose a remedy that’s best for you.
There are many reasons for the appearance of white spots on your teeth. When there’s a disruption to the tooth-development process, white spot can set in on the surface, but not a shade of white that blends in with the rest of your teeth. Bacterial acids can cause white spots as they begin to dissolve tooth enamel and lead to decay.

Possible Reasons for White Spots on Teeth

Fluorosis
Fluorosis happens when large amounts of fluoride are ingested when teeth are still forming. This usually has a combination of sources: excessive fluoridated water, certain supplements and swallowing fluoride toothpaste, for example. Although fluoride helps make teeth more resistant to decay, too much is just as hazardous, causing enamel discoloration that can appear chalky white, yellow or even brown.

Enamel Hypoplasia
Enamel hypoplasia results from nutritional deficiencies, high fever and medicinal side effects, as welas premature births and prenatal smoking. The enamel looks a lot like fluorosis, with spots varying from milky white to brownish or yellow. Enamel hypoplasia, however, may still have a more linear appearance.

Demineralization
The demineralization of tooth enamel takes place when bacterial plaque is allowed to accumulate on the teeth, usually due to inadequate brushing; it is frequently a problem for children and adults who wear braces. White areas of decalcification are permanent, and they do lead to decay if not kept clean.

Treatments for White Spots

Icon treatment

Icon smooth surface is used to treat white spots in vestibular areas.  The principle is: Air and water entrapments in the tooth have a lower refractive index than intact tooth structure. This leads to aesthetic discolorations. Icon balances out this difference and the appearance blends in with the healthy enamel.

Microabrasion
This procedure involves gently removing a thin layer of surface enamel, thereby improving the appearance of your teeth. The microabrasion is often combined with tooth-whitening treatments for a truly high-quality aesthetic.

Bleaching
Bleach-based tooth whitening can help balance the color of your tooth enamel. For the safest results, recommends either an in-office whitening procedure

Porcelain veneers
This is an excellent option when you have significant patches of discoloration that can’t be eliminated with bleaching alone. Custom fabricated with thin layers of ceramic material, veneers are bonded to the front of your teeth. Minimal tooth structure is removed to fit a veneer (less than a millimeter), the end result is natural-looking teeth that resist future stains.

Preventing White Spots
If you’re expecting a baby, talk with your dentist or obstetrician about fluoride intake and any medications that could interfere with your child’s developing teeth. Are you a smoker? Now’s a good time to start the process of quitting. Children under the age of six can incur these spots too, and should therefore use only pea-sized amounts of fluoride toothpaste (make sure they don’t swallow). If your tap water is fluoridated, and most are, check these levels and discuss the need for fluoride supplements with your dentist. Keep in mind bottled water, formulas, drinks and many foods may contain fluoride as well.

If you or your child is wearing braces, help them brush and floss around these brackets and wires regularly to reduce the risk of white spots ruining the look of their straight teeth when they come off. For extra protection, and to remineralize these white spots, your dentist may recommend a remineralizing Icon treatment for white spot

Don’t let acute discoloration keep you from smiling. Like most oral issues, figuring out how to get rid of white spots on teeth may be easier than you thought.

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