Gum disease (Periodontal Disease), symptoms and treatment explained by Kingston Upon Thames dentist

Gum disease is inflammation of the gum that caused poor oral hygiene. The bacteria form a sticky colourless plaque on teeth. Daily brushing and flossing helps to remove the plaques. If the plaques are not removed regularly, they form hard surface on the teeth called tartar that can only be removed through professional cleaning by dental hygienist and dentist. If plaque accumulation not addressed early can eventually extend to underplaying tissues, and bone surrounding the tooth which subsequently cause tooth loose.

Gum disease  can appear in two stages depending on severity.

Gingivitis: This is the early stage of gum disease. If dental hygiene not maintained bacteria form a plaque on the gum line, and produce toxin that inflame the gum, causing gingivitis. You may experience bleeding from gum during brushing and flossing. This is the early symptom of gingivitis. This is the stage of gum disease that can be reversed since the underlying tissues and bone are not affected yet.

Periodontitis If the gum inflation and bleeding not addressed early the gum start receding, creating pockets that accumulate more plaques. Professional cleaning by dentist can stop the progress and further damage. As time goes by the pockets become deeper, and bone and supporting tissues become affected. When the gum recedes they expose more of the teeth, and eventually the tooth may become loose and fall out.

Periodontitis is not reversible completely, but the progress can be stopped by receiving appropriate treatment and maintaining a good oral hygiene.

How to know if you have gum disease?

If you have any of the following symptoms you should seek advice from a dentist.

  • Red, puffy and swollen gum
  • Bleeding gum while brushing or flossing
  • Receded gum that cause more of the teeth length to be seen
  • Bad breath and bad taste (metal taste) in the mouth

How is Gum disease treated?

  • The early stages of gum disease can often be reversed with effective brushing and flossing. Good daily oral hygiene will help keep plaque from building up.
  • Professional cleaning by your dentist or dental hygienist  is the only way to remove plaque that has built up and hardened into tartar. If your gum condition is more severe, you may require extensive treatment. After the successful treatment of gum disease , you still need to take extra care of your gums to make sure gum disease doesn’t come back. Your dentist will advise you on how best to look after your gums before, during and after treatment.

By visiting dentist regularly early stages of gum disease can be treated before they lead to sever conditions.

Smoking can make the gum disease condition to get worse. If you smoke the first sign of gum disease , bleeding, can be missed.

We here at Surbiton Smile Centre have extensive experience in treating gum disease. If you think you need advice on the health of you gum or have experienced bleeding gum do not hesitate to contact us, we are here to help.


The following page is only for use by dental professionals.
Please click OK if you are a dental professionals.